This is how it started

The qualified medical physicist (QMP) education was established in Finland during the 1960s.

The education scheme was analogous to the specialization programs of the physicians. It included a graduate degree (MSc) in physics, an examination in radiation safety, administrative education, professional courses, five years of practical training in five areas of medical physics: radiotherapy, nuclear medicine, clinical physiology, diagnostic radiology and clinical neurophysiology, and finally a QMP examination with extensive theoretical content. The qualifications were granted by a special board of medical physicists.

The education of QMPs has very long traditions in Finland, and the content is not limited only for ionizing radiation in medical physics.